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Wednesday, July 2, 2014

MARGARET PASTON NEE MAUTEBY (MAWBEY)

A British television series called 'Medieval Lives', currently showing on Sydney television station SBS, highlighted correspondence by a medieval Mawbey woman, Margaret Paston, in its program on medievel childbirth.
The former Margaret Mauteby, later Margaret Mauteby Paston (1423-1484), is described as 'an exemplary pattern for wives and mothers' by the Rev. William Betham's in his commentary on the pedigree of Sir Joseph Mawbey of Botley, Surry of which Margaret was a part.
She was of the 12th generation on the family tree and Sir Joseph, the 21st.
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When Margaret Paston was pregnant with her first child, she sent a letter to her husband who was living and working as a lawyer in the Inner Temple in London, accompanied by a ring of St Margaret for him.
In medieval pre-Henry VIII times, St Margaret was revered as the patron saint of mothers in Catholic England.
This was St Margaret of Antioch (Asia Minor), a young Christian shepherdess, who was tortured and imprisoned when she refused to marry a Roman senior official.
While in gaol, the story goes, she was devoured by Satan the devil in the form of a dragon which, after she made the sign of the cross, split open and released her.
Her emerging unhurt from inside the dragon was likened to a form of birth, and thus the association with pregnant women.
Prior to being devoured by the dragon, Margaret's rejected suitor attempted unsuccessfully to boil her in a cauldron.
He finally had his way by beheading her.
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The British Museum has over 1,000 documents written between 1422-1509 spanning three generations of the Paston family.
Of these, 104 were written by Margaret Paston.
These 'Paston Letters', the earliest record of private correspondence to survive in Britain, represent the library's best medieval collection.
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Margaret Mauteby married John Paston in 1441 during the reign of King Henry VI (1421-1471).
The nuptial agreement was arranged by his clever lawyer father, Sir William Paston, resulting in the Mauteby and East Tuddenham manors passing to the Paston family.
There had been nobility in Margaret's family for generations whereas John Paston's grandfather had been a yeoman (farmer), unable to own land.
Somehow he had managed to educate his son William, John's father, who had turned out to be a brilliant lawyer, thereby elevating the socioeconomic status of the Paston family.
On the death of Margaret's father, John de Mauteby, Esquire, eldest son of Sir Robert de Mauteby, she inherited all of his estate. 
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When Queen Margaret of Anjou (1430-1482), the French wife of King Henry VI who ruled in his place during the Wars of the Roses because of his bouts of insanity, visited Norfolk, she stayed with Margaret Paston for two days.
Shortly after this visit, Margaret wrote to her husband in London, requesting he buy her a necklace suitable for any future similar occasion.
Her own necklaces had not been good enough and she had been forced to borrow one from her cousin, Elizabeth Clere.
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Margaret Paston had seven children including two sons named John.
John the elder died of plague leaving an illegitimate daughter.
John the younger, knighted in 1487, had a son William (c.1479-1554) who was knighted by King Henry VIII (1491-1547).
The younger John's eldest son was named Erasmus (1502-1540) after the Dutch Catholic scholar, Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (1466-1536), or Erasmus of Rotterdam.
This name was to become popular in the Mawbey family.
A descendant of Erasmus Paston's son William, also named William (1652-1732), married a 'natural' (illegitimate) daughter of King Charles II (1630-1685).
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Margaret Paston died on 4 November 1484, in the second last year of the reign of King Richard III (1452-1458) aged 61.
King Richard's death in battle signalled the end of the War of the Roses.
Margaret's husband, John Paston, had died in 1466, a short time after being released from The Fleet prison in London.
He had become caught up in legal disputes with his enemies over his land holdings after he was made the chief beneficiary of a oral will that others sought to challenge.
Margaret's will, proved on 18 December 1484, requested that her body be buried in the aisle of the church of Mawtby (St Peter and St Paul), Norfolk.
She was buried in the church's south aisle.
Margaret's grandson, Sir Robert Paston, was granted a knighthood by King Charles II in 1673.

See: Full text of Paston Letters

Postscript:
In May 1532, King Henry VIII transferred the power of the Church of England (then Roman Catholic) to the monarch.
Since 1527 he had been seeking a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon, so he could marry Anne Bolyn which Pope Clement VII had refused.
The Pope excommunicated Henry in 1533.

WAS BOTLEY'S A MEDIEVAL MAWBEY FAMILY SEAT?

When Sir Joseph Mawbey I bought the Botleys estate in Surry in 1763, he was purchasing the place where his ancestors appear to have lived in the 13th and 14th centuries.
I had not seen this 'discovered' or documented anywhere before I stumbled across it recently.
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Sir Walter de Mauteby was born 1223 in Mautby, Norfolk and married Petronilla who was born in Botleys, Surrey, in 1245.
His ancestors starting with his namesake, Sir Walter de Mauteby, born 1194, were all born in Mauteby, Norfolk.
By the start of the 13th century, the family had moved to Botleys, Surrey.
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Sir Walter de Mauteby was born in Botleys, Surrey in 1246 and married Alice there in 1268.
Sir John de Mauteby was born in Botleys, Surrey in 1269 and married Avelina de Crenon there in 1292.
Sir John de Mauteby was born in Botleys, Surrey in 1317 and married Agnes there in 1340.
Sir Robert de Mauteby was born in Botleys, Surrey in 1341 and married Eleanor there in 1368.
[Source: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com]
 

Saturday, June 14, 2014

MAWBEYS OF SUSSEX

This information comes from records of FamilySearch, the family history online resource of the Latter Day Saints based at Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

VARIANT SPELLINGS OF 'MAWBEY' IN SUSSEX
Manbery
Maubey
Mauby
Maughby
Mawbe
Miby
Mouby
Mowby
Moybie
Muhby
 

MAWBEYS OF NORFOLK

These records are from FamilySearch, the family history online resource of the Latter Day Saints based at Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
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Parents: William Mawby and Susanna Welton:
Susanna Mawby, b. 27 March 1796; bap 28 Marc 1796, St Nicholas, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.
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Parents: James Mawby and Ann
Isaac Mawby, bap 20 August 1767, St Michael, Fincham, Norfolk
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Parents James Mawby and Jane:
Thomas Mawby, bap 7 February 1785, Terrington St Clement, Norfolk
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Parents John Charles Mawby and Sarah Mawby
John Mawby, bap. 14 October 1752, Wells, Norfolk; bur. 16 May 1790, Terrington St Clement, Norfolk

MAWBEYS OF YORKSHIRE

This information is based on records from FamilySearch, the family history online resource of the Latter Day Saints based at Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

VARIANT SPELLINGS OF 'MAWBEY' IN YORKSHIRE
Mabbey
Maudby
Mawdby
Maweby
Mawtby
Moaby
Mobby
Moiby


 

MAWBEYS OF SHENTON, LEICESTER

These records are from FamilySearch, the family history online resource of the Latter Day Saints based at Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
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MAWBEY BAPTISMS AT SHENTON
Joseph Mauby, bap 4 October 1676; f. Erasmus Mauby, m. Elianor
Stephen Mauby, bap 27 December 1680; f. Erasmus Mauby, m. Eleanor
Richard Mauby, bap 11 June 1693, f. Richard Mauby, m. Mary
Abraham Mauby, bap 3 February 1694 (twin); f. Isaac, m. Elizabeth
Isaac Mawby, bap 3 February 1694 (twin); f. Isaac, m. Elizabeth
Mary Mauby, bap 17 January 1696; f. Isaac, m. Elizabeth
Ross Mawby, bap 14 April 1696; f. Richard, m. Mary
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MAWBEY MARRIAGES AT SHENTON
Erasmus Mauby + Mary Cox, 11 April 1680
Eleanor Mauby + Thomas Brown, 19 October 1696
Erasmus Mauby + Frances Cooper, April 1724
Elizabeth Mauby + Thomas Messinger, 26 February 1744

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

MAWBEYS OF GILMORTON, LEICESTER

These records are from FamilySearch, the family history online resource of the Latter Day Saints based at Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
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MAWBEY BAPTISMS AT GILMORTON, LEICESTER, ENGLAND
Sarah Mawbey, bap 8 May 1768
William Mawbey, bap 5 November 1769
Thomas Mawbey, bap 30 December 1770
John Mawbey, bap 29 March 1772
Susanna Mawbey, bap 13 March 1774
Samuel Mawbey, bap 5 November 1775
Thomas Mawbey, bap 5 March 1777
George Mawbey, bap 7 November 1779
Richard Mawbey, bap 7 July 1782 (twin?)
Sarah Mawbey, bap 7 July 1782 (twin?)
Richard Mawbey, bap 1 June 1788
Richard Mawbey, bap 20 July 1794
William Mawbey, bap 15 February 1795
Oliver Mawbey, bap 28 June 1795
Mary Mawbey, bap 25 September 1796
Ann Mawbey, bap 4 December 1796
Mary Mawbey, bap 23 July 1797
William Mawbey, bap 18 January 1799
John Mawbey, bap 3 April 1799
Mary Mawbey, bap 7 April 1799
Lucy Mawbey, bap 25 December 1880
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MAWBEY MARRIAGES AT GILMORTON, LEICESTER
John Mawby + Sarah Bell, 1 May 1769
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MAWBEY BURIALS AT GILMORTON, LEICESTER
Richard Mawby, bur 10 October 1782
William Mawby, bur. 21 August 1795
Mary Mawby, bur. 7 May 1798
George Mawby, bur. 20 January 1803
Sarah Mawby, bur. 11 December 1782